Commissions have warned that the “conservative policies” and the “mismanagement” of the funds of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training increase the “territorial inequalities” of the FP. In this sense, he recalled that on October 8, the Agreements of the General Education Commission were published in the BOE approving the distribution criteria and the resulting distribution of the credit allocated in 2022 to the Territorial Cooperation programs of Quality in Vocational Training of the Spanish Educational System and Teacher Training, Improvement and Mobility.
In total, eight territories stopped investing money in the Teacher Training program and the union has indicated that the funds from previous years not executed “are reintegrated and are lost”, with the Community of Madrid being the one that stopped investing the most in this concept (1,133,542 euros in 2019 and 753,753 euros in 2020), followed by the Valencian Community, Murcia and Castilla.
On the other hand, three territories stopped investing money in the Vocational Training Quality Program, which will be deducted from this item, with Madrid again being the territory that stopped investing the most (452,607.27 euros), followed by Andalusia and Canary Islands.
Thank you for watching CCOO has ensured that the commitments made by the autonomous communities to develop actions in the period from September 1, 2022 to December 31, 2023 related to the management of the funds of component 20 of the Strategic Plan to Promote Vocational Training, of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan, “are a partial help to reverse the cuts, inequalities and privatizations that affect the territories with more conservative and liberal policies, and should be used for this purpose”.
For the union, the increase in the public offer of FP for the 2022-2023 academic year “evidence that no territory has been invested in more than what was received by the Ministry of Education in this concept, whose departure can be spent between this academic year and the next “.
Thus, he stressed that the autonomies have spent on average between half and two thirds of the funds destined for the creation of new places, except Extremadura, which this course has launched all the possible places in the two courses with Ministry funds, 1,400 new public places; and Navarra, which has created 1,000 new public places, half of them distance learning, with which it could still increase the public offer the following year only with state funds. THE PUBLIC OFFER “IS VERY IRREGULAR” ACCORDING TO THE CCAA Likewise, it warns that the public supply deficit “is very irregular” according to the autonomous community, level of FP, modality and professional family.
Thus, it states that, counting all the levels of VT, the autonomous communities with the least public offer are Catalonia (56.34%), the Basque Country (56.52%) and Madrid (56.82%), which are located at more than 30 points below the state average of 68.8% of public offering, and require a high own investment in addition to that received to correct the existing imbalance. The two territories with the greatest deficit of public places maintain the public fees for Higher Level training cycles (approximately 400 euros) and Catalonia maintains the 10% increase in ratios in all groups since last year.
The lowest values of completion of Vocational Training occur in the public training cycles of Basic Degree (47.64%) and Intermediate Degree (54.4%) of public centers. The union considers that the “lack of guidance and accompaniment” in these stages leads young people with fewer resources and training to drop out of education and “expels” them from the system, “making it very difficult for them to return and making their job opportunities precarious, since the greater the educational level, more and better job opportunities”.
For this reason, it has stressed that it is “essential” to develop multidisciplinary guidance departments in VET centers with staffing according to the number, diversity and complexity of the student body, with a minimum of one guidance counselor for every 250 students according to UNESCO recommendations to reduce school dropout at this stage. The Vocational Training system requires, in the opinion of the union, that “the commitment of the educational administrations be materialised in a pact or agreement so that sufficient funds.
Own and state are allocated to the necessary priorities to eradicate the structural inequalities that affect and segregate the most vulnerable students, improve the conditions of the teaching staff (reduction of ratios, training, stays in a company with substitutions, etc.) and the quality of public education, and avoid the waste or return of money necessary to improve the vocational training system.